Suso Baleato

PhD Political Science, Informatics

Konstanz, Germany








Professional Proficiency


Professional Proficiency


Medium Proficiency



Suso Baleato (PhD Political Science, Informatics) is specialised in the application of computational methods for scientific research and policy analysis, including statistical computing, agent-based modeling, geographic information systems, and social network analysis. His research focuses on Internet measurement and the causality of digitalisation with an emphasis on contentious politics, economic dynamics and democracy, and it has been featured in academic outlets such as Science. Dr. Baleato contributes to the global digitalisation policy-making process taking part in settings such as the OECD and the G7/ G20. He was appointed as Martin Associate for the Oxford Cybersecurity Capacity Center, and Liaison of the Civil Society Council for the OECD Committee on the Digital Economy Policy. Suso is Galician.

Featured Publications

Digital discrimination: Political bias in Internet service provision across ethnic groups
Science, 2016. With Nils B. Weidmann, Philipp Hunziker, Eduard Glatz, Xenofontas Dimitropoulos. Science, 09 Sep 2016: Vol. 353, Issue 6304, pp. 1151-1155 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5062

The global expansion of the Internet is frequently associated with increased government transparency, political rights, and democracy. However, this assumption depends on marginalized groups getting access in the first place. Here we document a strong and persistent political bias in the allocation of Internet coverage across ethnic groups worldwide. Using estimates of Internet penetration obtained through network measurements, we show that politically excluded groups suffer from significantly lower Internet penetration rates compared with those in power, an effect that cannot be explained by economic or geographic factors. Our findings underline one of the central impediments to “liberation technology,” which is that governments still play a key role in the allocation of the Internet and can, intentionally or not, sabotage its liberating effects.

Transparent Estimation of Internet Penetration from Network Observations
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2015. With Nils B. Weidmann, Petros Gigis, Xenofontas Dimitropoulos, Eduard Glatz, Brian Trammell. In: Mirkovic J., Liu Y. (eds) Passive and Active Measurement. PAM 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8995. Springer, Cham

The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) provide Internet penetration statistics, which are collected from official national sources worldwide, and they are widely used to inform policy-makers and researchers about the expansion of digital technologies. Nevertheless, these statistics are derived with methodologies, which are often opaque and inconsistent across countries. Even more, regimes may have incentives to misreport such statistics. In this work, we make a first attempt to evaluate the consistency of the ITU/OECD Internet penetration statistics with an alternative indicator of Internet penetration, which can be measured with a consistent methodology across countries and relies on public data. We compare, in particular, the ITU and OECD statistics with measurements of the used IPv4 address space across countries and find very high correlations ranging between 0.898 and 0.978 for all years between 2006 and 2010. We also observe that the level of consistency drops for less developed or less democratic countries. Besides, we show that measurements of the used IPv4 address space can serve as a more timely Internet penetration indicator with sub-national granularity, using two large developing countries as case studies.

Enquiries into Intellectual Property's Economic Impact
OECD, 2015 (collaboration)

Investment and growth in OECD economies is increasingly driven by investment in intangible assets, also known as knowledge-based capital (KBC). In many OECD countries, firms now invest as much or more in KBC as they do in physical capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings. This shift reflects a variety of long-term economic and institutional transformations in OECD economies. The rise of KBC creates new challenges for policymakers, for business and for the ways in which economic activity is measured. Many policy frameworks and institutions are still best suited to a world in which physical capital drove growth. New thinking is needed to update a range of policy frameworks – from tax and competition policies to corporate reporting and intellectual property rights. This report takes a closer look at IP’s role in OECD economies while examining some of the most significant changes to the landscape in which it is operating, including digitisation and the growth of the Internet.

Professional Experience

Scientific Research and Policy Analysis
2012 - Current

From 2013 to 2016 he has worked at the Communications, Network and Contention Research Group at the University of Konstanz (Germany), taking part in projects together with the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (Switzerland) and the Center for Applied Internet Analysis (CAIDA) at the University of California San Diego (United States). As research asistant he has participated in projects of the Humboldt University of Berlin (Germany) and the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). Since 2012, he coordinates policy analysis at the OECD Committee for the Digital Economy for the Civil Society Council in the fields of Statistical Measurement and Analysis, Digital Security and Privacy, Communication Infrastructures, and Digital Economy. He is Oxford Martin Asociate at the University of Oxford's Global Cybercapacity Center.

Systems Administration and Software Engineering
2006 - 2009

Chief Innovation Officer/ Government of Galicia (Galicia/ Spain). In charge of the change management process leading to the creation of the Open Source Reference Center; product owner of the software projects supporting the migration of the Galician administration to GNU/ Linux: Galinux, AraOS and Monifate.


Administration of computer networks at the public administration of Galicia, including the Ministry of Health (2001-2005), and the University of Santiago de Compostela (2000-2001). Responsibilities included the management of the data centers, software development, maintenance of the network infrastructure, support to end users, and back-up policy. Previously he took part in several Internet start-ups as Chief Technology Officer.